Election date- 07 January | Polling time- 0800 – 1600 hours

Bangladesh is going to hold the 12th General Elections amid prolonged political and economic disruptions. Since the announcement of the election date on 15 November, tension between the ruling Awami League (AL) and the opposition parties have escalated. The largest opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) held a series of dawn-to-dusk nationwide shutdowns demanding the election be conducted under a caretaker government. Other political parties including AL staged multiple demonstrations of varying intensities. Incidents of pre-poll violence including vandalism and clashes further aggravated the situation, mainly in Chattogram, Dhaka, Chandpur, Ghazipur, Sylhet, Noakhali, and Bogura. 14 political parties, including the main opposition BNP are continuing to boycott the election, thus prompting uncertainty of the entire procedure.

With high security concerns in backdrop, arrangements have been made to deploy Bangladesh Armed Forces between 03-10 January. The Central government has also declared a Public Holiday on 07 January for all government, semi-government and private organisations. Disruptions to business organisations and supply chains were quite frequently reported through the last year and therefore, it is necessary that companies prepare adequately for contingencies and keep mitigation measures ready well in advance.

Major Upcoming Events:

Until 04 JanuaryBNP mass contact programmes in favour of the polls-boycott.
04 JanuaryAL Leader and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to address the final electoral rally at AKM Shamsuzzoha Stadium in Narayanganj at 1430 hours.



  • Movement of vehicles including taxis, microbuses, long-distance buses, and trucks will be prohibited nationwide from midnight on 06 January to midnight on 07 January.
  • Motorcycle movement has been banned from midnight on 05 January till midnight on 08 January 2024.
  • Further, there remains a possibility of District Magistrate or Metropolitan Police Commissioner/other authorities imposing or relaxing vehicle bans based on local requirements and realities.
  • Maritime traffic will be prohibited for certain vessels, including launches, speed boats, and all engine-powered vessels, except those operating on established routes from midnight on 06 January to midnight on 07 January.
  • Exceptions:
    • Vehicles of essential supplies, emergency services, medical transports, newspapers, and authorised election related personnel/ goods are permitted.
    • Those travelling to/from the airport with valid proof will be allowed to travel.


  • All mobile network and internet connections across the country will operate normally through the election schedule.

Public Conduct:

  • Public meetings and processions are prohibited 48 hours in prior and after the polling date.
  • Strict enforcement in place against offensive behaviour, threats/intimidation of voters or election personnel, and unauthorised use of weapons or force.
  • Non-compliance may result in imprisonment for two to seven years and violation fee charges.

Sensitive Areas:



For Organisations:

  • Given that political parties are likely to intensify campaigns until 05 January and the possibility of further disruptions, it is advised to undertake flexible working arrangements and permit remote operations.
  • Advised to complete urgent banking related work before polling day on account of public holiday declaration on 07 January.
  • In view of plausible poll-related disruptions, it is also advised to prepare for emergency situations like imposition of curfews, prohibitory orders, or temporary suspension of internet.
  • MitKat recommends arranging for adequate power supply backups to minimise the impact of power outages on operations.
  • It is also advised to avoid scheduling critical meetings (both in virtual and online modes) on polling and result days.
  • It is advised to offer official transportation to all employees (especially to women employees) to avoid any incidental risks.
  • Supply chain delays are anticipated. Advised to schedule dispatches or rationing of essential items accordingly.
  • If operating in close proximity to a polling booth, have an emergency exit plan in place. Ensure that exits are clear and visibly marked, and undertake simulations involving all employees.
  • Run a security assessment of physical spaces, flammable items, CCTVs, and the locking system.
  • In case operating near polling booths or in sensitive areas, consider temporary fencing and boarding up windows especially on polling and result days as an additional safety measure.
  • It is also recommended to arrange for strict entry-exit policy into the office premises for the week preceding and succeeding the election day.
  • Given that cybercrime and cyber interference increase during elections, organisations must be careful while using VPNs, closed networks, and other access controls. It is advised to update software in use and upgrade passwords.
  • It is also advised to run a security check of all the physical facilities, electronic appliances, and conduct fire safety audits.
  • Organisations should encourage employees to take the time to verify the authenticity of calls, emails, and texts before communicating sensitive information.

For Individuals:

  • Employees are advised to have alternate routes mapped and consider extra travel time.
  • Elaborate security checks at airports may lead to congestion and operational delays. Commuters are advised to reach airports well in advance (three hours in prior for inbound flights and four hours for international flights).
  • Given that authorities tend to strengthen security checks during elections, it is advised to carry proper identity proofs when stepping outside. If availing private or personal vehicles, carry essential vehicle documents as well.
  • Advised to fact check information and do not indulge in rumour-mongering.
  • Advised to avoid making sensitive comments both in public discussion and social media platforms during elections.
  • Avoid high-risk areas and follow guidance from local authorities.
  • Prefer public transportation due to vehicle restrictions.
  • Advised to carry a portable charger when going out and ensure that cellular phones are adequately charged and have enough balance for making calls.
  • Keep emergency numbers handy, on speed-dial as well as in writing.
  • Ensure that personal vehicles are serviced and have adequate fuel.
  • MitKat advises individuals to avoid protest venues and maintain situational awareness.
  • Advised against carrying sharp items such as scissors, knives, paper cutters etc., and items such as petrol cans in their vehicles to avoid needless questioning and suspicion.
  • Last but not the least, voters are advised to exercise their Right to Vote responsibly, while ensuring personal safety and precautions against the COVID-19.
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Emergency Contact Numbers:

  • Emergency Services (Police, Fire, Ambulance)- 999
  • Election Commission Helpline- 105
  • Dhaka Metropolitan Police Control Room: +880-2-223381967, +880-2-223383515
  • National Emergency Services (Fire Service & Civil Defense): 16163, 02223355555
  • Women Helpline- 109/10921
  • Government Legal Services- 16430
  • Information services- 333
  • Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) hotline number- 16200

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